The difference in susceptibility to depression is caused by changes in female hormones and stress. Although depression is a disease regardless of sex, it is said that women are more likely to double than men worldwide and women are said to be depressed once in every five women. According to the patient survey of Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (2014), about 400,000 men out of about 1.1 million domestic patients with mood disorders including depression, about 700,000 females. There are many opportunities for women to consult at a medical institution and there are many indefinite complaints where depression and symptoms overlap so it is easy for depression to be found easily. But even taking it into account, it is clear that there is a difference between men and women.
The fact that females are more susceptible to depression than men is due to the influence of female hormones such as estrogen (follicle hormone) and progesterone (luteal hormone). If female hormones related to mental stability fluctuate due to menstrual cycle etc., mood tends to be unstable and the risk of depression increases.
Although various factors such as the environment, personality, constitution and so on are involved in the onset of depression, it is stress that is thought to be the biggest cause. There is no gender difference in feeling stress everyday, but women have stress unique to women that men do not feel. Furthermore, fluctuation of female hormone causes reduction in resistance to stress, it is considered to be the cause of sex difference in susceptibility to depression.
It is a big stress for working women, still a workplace for male society
For everyone, work seems stressful not a few. However, in many workplaces where the trend of male society still remains remarkable, the stress felt by women is unlikely to be compared with men. There is no report that it is unfairly evaluated just as a woman, that sexual harassment or power harassment has suffered and depression has developed and it has become impossible to go to the company.
On the contrary, it is highly appreciated at work and sometimes becomes depression. If you are overworked by having an important job and you are busy every day when you are counted on to be reliable and you do not want to marry or give birth, you will be mentally driven.
As well as pregnancy and childbirth, infertility may also trigger depression
Perinatal period (pregnancy / postpartum), in which female hormone tends to fluctuate and it is easy to feel stress, is a time when the risk of depression increases. Although it may become “Maternity Blue” which becomes depressed and sad feeling in a few days after childbirth, it usually regains its energy in about a week. However, if it does not improve even with time, there is a possibility of “postpartum depression”.
In the modern age tendency of late marriage, it may become a trigger of depression onset, such as anxiety and impatience that children cannot be given even if they desire pregnancy, feelings of blaming themselves, pressure from the surroundings, and so on. If you are doing infertility treatment, the difference between the expectation that increased as the expected menstruation day approached and the disappointment feeling when it did not work is a great stress. For those who had thought that “If you start fertility treatment, you can get pregnant quickly”, the gap between ideal and reality will be great. Also, with infertility treatment, trouble of hospital visit, physical burden, economic burden, etc. will be heavy on my mind.
In addition to the decrease of female hormones during menopause, when the change of life style occurs
Menopause can be mentioned as a time when female hormone fluctuates and the risk of depression increases. It is well known that menopausal disorder that causes anxiety and irritation occurs by decreasing the amount of female hormone secretion. Therefore, even if you noticed the mental state abnormality, if you were convinced that it is a symptom of menopausal disorder often heard, there are times that “menopausal depression” was actually hidden.
This time is also a time when the rhythm of life changes dramatically due to independence of children and nursing care of parents. When a child leaves his / her parents by going on to college, getting a job, getting married, or the like, he / she may become an “empty nest syndrome” that is attacked by loss feeling as if the mother’s function ended. Moreover, we may get tired of mind and body to parent care. These can be said to be too big enough stress as a trigger to develop depression.
Considering that women are susceptible to depression, do not forcibly do enough rest
To prevent the woman is in depression, that “women are susceptible to twice depression of men”, that to be aware from the usual important is. If you put this in your head, you should be able to put a brake on when you become likely the impossible in such work, also will now rest firmly on when you feel the accident of mind. If you do not improve easily, let’s consult with a medical institution that has “psychiatry” “psychosomatic medicine department” “mental clinic” etc.
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